Our Offerings

We provide forward-looking environmental risk data and analysis to support investment decisions, credit ratings, and country risk assessments. Our data and services allow you to reduce your risk exposure, further refine your investment strategy and strengthen the “E” in your ESG analysis.


Global Footprint Network and partner South Pole Group’s carbon disclosure and climate impact assessments enable asset owners, fund managers and banks to assess and understand the impact of climate change on their sovereign bond portfolios. Our unique approach includes:

  • Consumption and production analyses of a nation’s carbon emissions, both overall and by sector;
  • Carbon emissions from government operations;
  • The carbon sequestration capacity of the country;
  • The carbon intensity of the economy; and
  • Economic dependence on fossil fuel sectors.



Staying within the 2-degree warming limit will require deep and rapid changes to the economic structures of many, if not all, countries. Furthermore, a large number of national economies depend heavily on carbon-intensive sectors and assets such as factories, power plants and vehicle fleets. Regulatory shifts and changes in demand patterns linked to the transition to a low-carbon economy therefore present risk factors for governments, national economies and sovereign bonds. 

Global Footprint Network’s assessment framework for evaluating the exposure of national economies to carbon risk offers a quantitative tool for investment analysis.


Research shows that the growing imbalance between demand for food and the capacity to supply it will lead to higher and more volatile food commodity prices, and a higher likelihood of price shocks.

Our Food Price Shock Index ranks the short term trade-related risk exposure on 110 countries in the event of a large food price shock in terms of impact on Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Consumer Price Index (CPI) and current account balance.

Read more about the research behind our index in our report ERISC Phase II: How food prices link environmental constraints to sovereign credit risk.


Our National Footprint Accounts, one of the world’s most extensively used natural resource frameworks, calculate the Ecological Footprint and biocapacity of countries. The Ecological Footprint represents a country’s demand for natural resources and services, while biocapacity represents the ability of a country’s ecosystems to provide them. Our data packages provide an ecological balance sheet for more than 200 countries and territories, with time trends. Data from our Bilateral Trade Analysis also presents resource flows, including final output for 57 sectors for 129 countries and regions, as well as the size and origin of trade flows.

Learn more about the National Footprint Accounts.

Check out our Ecological Footprint Explorer open data platform.

Investigate the latest National Footprint Accounts in our free Public Data Package.

Learn about licensing our National Footprint Accounts.




This methodology uses financial data on the purchases between economic sectors and by final consumers to proxy the flows of embodied biocapacity, as measured by the National Footprint Accounts’ production Footprint data. It is an Environmentally Extended Multi-Regional Input-Output (EE-MRIO) model which allows users to identify the Ecological Footprints of all steps in the supply chains of the 57 covered sectors, in three types of final demand, and detailed trade data for 140 world regions.


Contact Us

For information about our products, please contact us at finance@footprintnetwork.org.